A central theme for the Convergent Science is the physiological basis for advanced adaptive behaviour as explored through neuromimetics — the modelling of neural systems. Exciting emerging topics within this field include the embodiment of neuromimetic controllers in hardware, termed neuromorphics, and within the control architectures of robots, sometimes termed neurorobotics. CSNII will emphasize areas of neurotechnology, neuromimetics and neurorobotics.